Research & Development

Computational Housing (CH)

Computational Geometry (CG)

Ruled and Developable Geometry
A special geometric set the usage of which is particularly suited for ubiquitous cutting and milling of flat sheets. Geometry that is curved in one direction only (ruled) and geometry unrollable to flat 2d representation without distortion (developable). The in addition to more recent and innovative formwork cutting approaches using a robot fitted with a hot wire cutting blade.
(Antoni Gaudi, Mark Burry, Felix Candela).


Design for Manufacture (DfMA)

Structural & Topology Optimisation
An optimisation strategy whereby material utilisation is examined and redistributed to areas exhibiting internal stress/strain and removed from areas without . Material is reduced to a % factor, member locations best fit to internal loading directions. and member widths are tuned to load intensity.
(Bendsoe, Chan, Sigmund, Sondergaard, Rovanovsky, Block)

Topology & Mesh Modelling

Curve Crease Folding & Rigid Origami
Curve Crease folding is a geometric kinematic method whereby flat elements are folded along curvalinear crease patterns to impart structural rigidity. Similar in method of folding but differeing in application to impart rigidity in curve creases whereas origami is inherantly pliable and flexibility.
(Huffman, Resch, Demaine, Sweeney, Bhooshan).
Rigid Origami is a fabrication method whereby thick sheet materials are folded along crease patterns to address issues of increasing scale and complexities of composite construction by abandoning the hypothetical “zero thickness” material.
(Edmonton, Hoberman, Tachi, Wood)

Simulation & Approximation

Making & Prototyping 
Design Assist
The creation of bespoke tools for translating, generating, and extracting data, and geometric features. Elements created to streamline, automate, and expedite the procedural generation of geometry.